Lima UMADAOP Job Readiness Training and Disability/Volunteer Programs
An estimated 1 in 5 Americans, nearly 56.7 million, live with a disability.
While expressing an ability, desire and willingness to work in the community
and contribute to the economy, many adults and youth with disabilities
experience significant barriers to employment. Despite progress made since the
passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, of 1990 and
comparable equal opportunity and nondiscrimination laws passed by most states,
people with disabilities still experience unemployment rates far above the
national average, and the percentage of people with disabilities participating
in our workforce is far below the rate for people without disabilities.
According to the July 2016 Employment Status of the Civilian Population by Sex,
Age, and Disability Status (not seasonally adjusted) table published by the
U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, only 19.8 percent of
people with disabilities participate in the workforce compared to 68.7 percent
without disabilities, and the unemployment rate for people with disabilities is
8.7 percent, compared to 4.6 percent for people without disabilities.
Consequently, individuals with disabilities continue to experience poverty
and economic insecurity in substantial numbers and disproportionately compared
to individuals without disabilities. The 2014 American Community Survey
indicates that 28.2 percent of non-institutionalized people with disabilities
age 18–64 fall below the poverty line, compared to 13 percent of people without
disabilities age 18–64. In 2013, non-institutionalized people with disabilities
age 21–64 had average annual earnings of $38,300, earning on average $5,000
dollars less per year than their peers without disabilities.
is disability defined?
term “disability” is defined in state and federal legislation and in
demographic surveys in various ways, depending on the context and purposes of
the legislation or survey. For purposes of federal disability nondiscrimination
laws, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, the term “disability” means,
with respect to an individual: (1) a physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits one or more major life activities, (2) has a record of
such an impairment, or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment.